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ABOUT Miscellaneous

 

Rectal Propranolol Controls Paroxysmal Sympathetic Hyperactivity Post Brain Injury

Paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH) affects approximately 10% of survivors of acquired brain injury and is associated with substantial morbidity. The most effective maintenance therapies include oral β-blockers and α-2 antagonists. May et al. of the University of Kentucky HealthCare reported the use of rectal propranolol for symptomatic control of PSH in a critically ill patient with an altered gastrointestinal tract for whom oral intake was contraindicated.

This is the first case report to describe successful use of propranolol suppositories in a clinical environment. This case supports the use of propranolol suppositories as a potential alternative route when oral administration is not possible.

Propranolol Suspension

Propranolol Suspension

Is a beta blocker used to treat high blood pressure, abnormal heart rhythms, heart disease, pheochromocytoma, and certain types of tremors. Propranolol is a drug of choice for many diseases such as infantile hemangioma occurring in neonates and infants, an age group for which oral suspensions are required almost exclusively. Many adult and elderly patients for whom propranolol is prescribed are also unable to swallow solid dosage forms, leading practitioners to seek alternative dosing options; specifically oral suspensions in the strength that is most appropriate for the patient, using a vehicle that will mask the bitter taste of propranolol powder, while remaining alcohol, sorbitol and sugar-free when required.

A recent study determined the stability of propranolol hydrochloride compounded into a 1-mg/mL suspension using SyrSpend SF and subsequently stored in a low-actinic plastic prescription bottle at room temperature conditions.

Treatment of Hyperhidrosis

Treatment of Hyperhidrosis

 

Topical Glycopyrrolate for Treatment of Hyperhidrosis

Excessive sweating, or hyperhidrosis, is a socially embarrassing disorder and may negatively impact the quality of life. In order of frequency, palmar-plantar, palmar-axillary, isolated axillary, and craniofacial hyperhidrosis are distinct disorders. Application of topical glycopyrrolate 2% “appears to be effective and safe for the treatment of excessive facial sweating in primary craniofacial and secondary gustatory hyperhidrosis following sympathectomy”.

Ten patients with compensatory sweating after sympathectomy applied one milliliter of a 2% water solution of topical glycopyrrolate once a day over the affected area and massaged for 30 seconds. Eight of the 10 treated patients dramatically improved with the topical application of glycopyrrolate.

Nasal Sprays

Nasal Sprays

Aminocaproic acid and tranexamic acid are antifibrinolytic agents with differing potencies. When patients suffer from recurrent nosebleeds, a nasal spray can be customized to meet each patient’s specific needs.

The Indiana Hemophilia and Thrombosis Center recommends the use of compounded aminocaproic acid nasal spray 250 mg/ml, 1 spray to the affected nostril every 4 hours while awake for 7 days following a nosebleed.

For relief of severe epistaxis, tranexamic acid injection has been applied topically to the nasal mucosa, as a spray or by packing the nasal cavity with a gauze strip that has been soaked in the solution. The NIH is conducting a clinical trial known as North American Study of Epistaxis in HHT (NOSE) and is currently recruiting participants to carefully examine the efficacy and safety of 3 nasal sprays.

Infantile Hemangiomas

Infantile Hemangiomas

 

Topical Therapy to Reduce Infantile Hemangiomas

Infantile hemangiomas (IH), also known as “strawberry marks,” are collections of blood vessels caused by increased cell division and growth.

A compounded topical “gel-forming solution” containing the medication timolol maleate has been reported as a potentially effective treatment for superficial IH.

The best response was achieved with the superficial type of hemangioma, using a solution of 0.5% timolol applied topically twice daily for longer than 3 months. The major advantages of topical timolol are ready availability, cost, ease of administration, and minimal risk of drug-related adverse events.

Low-Dose Naltrexone

Low-Dose Naltrexone

Accumulating evidence suggests that Low Dose Naltrexone can promote health supporting immune-modulation which may reduce various oncogenic and inflammatory autoimmune processes. Since LDN can upregulate endogenous opioid activity, LDN may also play a role in healing and repair of tissues, as well as promoting stress resilience, exercise, social bonding, and emotional well-being, and ameloriating psychiatric problems such as autism and depression.

The use of low-dose naltrexone (LDN) for the treatment and prophylaxis of various bodily disorders is discussed. Accumulating evidence suggests that LDN can promote health supporting immune-modulation which may reduce various oncogenic and inflammatory autoimmune processes. Since LDN can upregulate endogenous opioid activity, it may also have a role in promoting stress resilience, exercise, social bonding, and emotional well-being.

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